Bologna Process

What is Bologna Process?

On June 19, 1999 29 European Ministers of Education and Science signed a declaration (Bologna Declaration) in the oldest university town of Bologna. The declaration served as a basis for creation of common European Higher Education Area.

The mission of Bologna Process is to create certain tools and mechanisms for connection national educational systems.

If by 2010, the main aim of the Bologna Process was to put in place a European Higher Education Area, as stated in the Leuven/Louvain-la-Neuve Communiqué, the main priorities for the next decade are:

• Social dimension

• Lifelong learning

• Employability

• Student-centered learning

• Education, research and innovation

• Mobility

• Data collection

• Multidimensional transparency tools

• Funding

Who are involved in Bologna Process?

49 countries are involved in Bologna Process so far. Georgia joined the process in 2005 on Bergen summit.

The member states are presented as on governmental level, as well as, on higher education institutions, students, academic staff and employers’ levels.

The main actors of the Process are:

The ministers responsible for higher education of the countries signed Bologna Declaration; Council of Europe; European University Association (EUA); European Association of Institutions in Higher Education (EURASHE); European Students’ Union (ESU); European Association for Quality Assurance in Higher Education (ENQA); United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO); Education International Pan-European Structure; BusinessEurope.

Bologna Process Documents:

Lisbon Convention 1997
Sorbonne Declaration 1998
Bologna Declaration 1999
Prague Communiqué 2001
Berlin Communiqué 2003
Bergen Communiqué 2005
London Communiqué 2007
Leuven Communiqué 2009
Budapest-Vienna Declaration 2010
European Standards and Guidelines in Quality Assurance 2005
Qualifications Framework for Higher Education - Dublin Descriptors 2005

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