Early and preschool upbringing and education system
Preschool education, including the school readiness program, is voluntary, universal and available for every child of relevant age. The children of Georgia at the public preschool education and care institutions of Georgia are ensured free education and catering services as provided for by the legislation of Georgia.
The beneficiaries of the system are children from 0 to school age, and the services provided to them are divided into three main directions:
- Early education - services provided to a child under the age of two (early) and to his/ her parent and/or legal representative, which includes: education and support for a parent and/or legal representative; services provided to childcare institutions for children under such age, healthcare, catering, hygienic and sanitary safety, early intervention and inclusive education services;
- Preschool education - education services provided to a child in order to ensure his/her comprehensive development from the age of two before the entry to the first grade of the primary level of general education. The school readiness program constitutes a mandatory component of preschool education;
- School readiness program – an educational program developed on the basis of the state education standard for school readiness, which facilitates the achievement of results set by the standard.
General education system
General education in Georgia regulated by the laws of Georgia: "On General Education" and "On Education Quality Enhancement"; Operating by the National Curriculum and other Sub-legal acts.
Full general education includes 12 years of study and carried out in three levels (primary, basic, secondary). Primary education includes 6 years of study and implemented in I-VI grades; Basic education includes 3 years, implemented in VII-IX grades; Secondary education includes 3 years, carried out in X-XII grades. Primary and basic education is mandatory.
General education institutions are public or private.
The study in general educational institutions carried out according to the National Curriculum, developed by the National Curriculum Department of the Ministry of Education and Science.
Upon completing the Basic education, school students receive a Basic Education Certificate (Atestate).
Upon completing the Full General education, school students receive a Full General Education Certificate (Atestate).
Attestation exams conducted by the LEPL - National Assessment and Examination Center. Attestation exams conducted through computerized testing method (CAT).
A person who completes The Full General Education and receives the certificate (Atestate) has the right to continue learning in the higher education institution.
A person who completes the Basic education has the right to continue studies on the Secondary education level of the General Education or primary level of the Vocational education.
General education fully funded by the State with the voucher applicable to a financial norm for a student.
According to the data from April 2018, 2085 public and 224 private schools operating in Georgia.
Vocational education system
In Georgia the vocational education is regulated by “Georgian Law of vocational education”, “Law for Educational Quality Enhancement “ and other normative acts.
Types of vocational educational institutions:
Vocational Educational institutions / college – that is authorized to implement vocational educational programs, short cycle educational programs, vocational training and retraining programs and national language programs.
Obtaining the status of VET institution and implementation of respective educational activity is possible only in case of authorization of vocational educational institution defined by the rules of authorization provision. Authorization is a procedure of obtaining a status of VET institution purpose of which is to ensure compliance with standards necessary for implementation of respective activity required for issuing of education confirming document recognized by the state.
The authorization procedures are administered by – LEPL National Center for Educational Quality Enhancement.
According the Georgian Law of vocational education Higher and General education institutions have the right to implement vocational educational programs without attaining the additional authorization. Among these the higher education institution can implement any kind of vocational education program, short cycle educational programs, vocational training and retraining programs and national language programs. While general education institution has the right to implement basic vocational educational program, secondary vocational educational program, national language program, vocational training and retraining programs.
Vocational Education is implemented via:
a) Vocational Educational Program, specifically:
a.1 Basic educational vocational program, which is completed by rewarding the relevant 3rd level qualification defined by the National Qualification Framework;
a.2 Secondary educational vocational program, which is completed by rewarding the relevant 4th level qualification defined by the National Qualification Framework;
a.3 High educational vocational program, which is completed by rewarding the relevant 5th level qualification defined by the National Qualification Framework;
b) Vocational training program, which prepares the individual for implementing separate tasks and duties in the relevant profession. Learning outcomes defined in the vocational training program may be relevant to 2nd / 3rd / 4th / 5th level of National Qualification Framework;
c) Vocational retraining program that ensures the individual to gain / develop competencies for implementing the duties in the same field. Learning outcomes defined in the vocational training program may be relevant to 2nd / 3rd / 4th / 5th level of National Qualification Framework
Higher education system
Higher education in Georgia regulated by the Laws on Higher Education; "On Education Quality Enhancement" and other sub-legislative acts.
Georgia has the three-cycle higher education system and is implemented on the bachelor, master and doctoral levels of higher education.
The types of higher education institutions in Georgia are as follows:
University – higher education institution implementing educational programs of all three cycles of higher education and research.
Teaching University – Higher education institution implementing program/ programs of higher education (except for doctoral programs). A teaching university required to provide second cycle – Master’s educational program/ programs.
College – higher education institution implementing the programs of only the first cycle of higher academic education
Higher education institution are public and private.
Only after accreditation procedures can be implemented regulated, teacher preparation, Georgian language education and doctoral programs.
Higher education institutions use the European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System (ESTC).
Only holders of the State Certificates (Atestate) confirming full general education or persons equalized with them have a right to study in undergraduate programs. The Unified National Exams are the
precondition for admission to undergraduate programs. The Unified National Exams are the precondition for admission to undergraduate programs. Undergraduate educational programs include at least 240
Within the undergraduate level, awarding an intermediate qualification allowed after reaching of results in studying, defined for completing a part of educational program which should not be less than half of credit number defined for educational program.
The Teacher Education Program is an independent educational program and is taught at least one academic year, comprising 60 credits. After completion of program The Certificate of subject or subject group Teacher is issued. The prerequisite for admission to the program is the bachelor's degree or equivalent degree and subject examination organized by the National Assessment and Examinations Center.
The Veterinary training education program is an independent educational program and is taught at least one academic year, comprising 60 credits. The precondition for admission to the program is the
bachelor's degree of veterinary. After completion of the program the veterinary certificate issued. The holder of veterinary certificate can continue to pursue studies in the third level of higher education
(Doctoral studies) in the appropriate direction.
Teacher education, medical education, dental and veterinary education implemented through integrated master’s programs.
Medical Doctor’s (MD) Educational Program is 360-credit and Dentist / Veterinary / Teacher education programs are 300-credit volume.
Educational program of second level of teaching (master) consists of no less than 120 credits. Only bachelors or persons with degrees equalized with them have a right to study in a master programs. Unified Master exams are the prerequisites for precondition a master’s degree program. The additional conditions of acceptance determined by the higher education institution.
Third level of high education (Doctoral studies) consists of no less than 180 credits. Only masters or persons with degrees equalized with them, have a right to study in doctoral programs.
According to the data from April 2018, 34 public and 37 private higher education institutions operate in Georgia.